/HALLOWEEN HISTORY –Why Is It Celebrated in Western Countries

HALLOWEEN HISTORY –Why Is It Celebrated in Western Countries

Halloween:

Halloween is celebrated every year on October 31st,The tradition originated during the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain when people lit bonfires and dressed in costumes to protect themselves from ghosts. In the 9th century, Pope Gregory III created November 1 as a day in honor of all the saints. Samhain rituals were soon incorporated into All Saints’ Day. Halloween has become synonymous with deception, lantern carving and partying, dressing up, and eating treats.

Halloween’s origins may be traced back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain (pronounced sow-in). The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago in what is now Ireland, the United Kingdom, and northern France, marked the beginning of their new year onthe 1st of November.

This day marked the end of summer and harvest, as well as the beginning of the bleak and icy winter that has historically been associated with human death. The Celts believed that the line between the living and the dead blurred the night before the New Year. On October 31st, they commemorated Samhain, the day the souls of the dead were believed to return to earth.

The Dark Spiritual History Of Halloween

According to History, the Celts also believed that spiritual communion on Samhain made it easier for Celtic priests or druids, to prophesy the future. They created bonfires and sacrificed crops and animals to satisfy their gods. Villagers often wore animal heads and skins during the bonfire celebrations.

Why Halloween Is Celebrated on October 31st?

The ancient Gaelic festival of Samhain, which is thought to be the earliest known root of Halloween, took place on October 31st. It was a vital time of year when the seasons changed, but it was also a period when watchers believed the veil between this world and the next thinned, allowing them to communicate with the dead. This belief is echoed by several other cultures; for example, during the Jewish festival of Yom Kippur, which takes place inOctober and involves praying for the dead, a similar thought is stated. This is also where the “haunted” ideas of Halloween come from.

The History of the Halloween Activities

Because the Celts were polytheistic, the early pagan feast of Samhain included many ritualistic practices to contact with spirits. While little is known about these rituals, many believe the Celts dressed up in costume (granted, it was probably as simple as animal hides) to ward off ghosts, ate special feasts, and carved gourds into lanterns (thus the history of jack-o’-lanterns). As Christianity took hold and the holiday’s pagan overtones faded, the holiday’s essential traditions remained a part of pop culture year after year; they merely developed and modernized.

Halloween Costumes and Trick-or-Treating

It was believed that many people dress up as saints and go door to door to recite hymns or poetry. Children often went door to door asking for a “soul cake,” a cookie-like treat. Tech Note: Soul Cakes started on November 2 as part of All Saints’ Day (yes, a third holiday!), But as the term expanded into a hoax treatment, they eventually became part of Halloween night. From the early to mid-1900s, the concept of grabbing candy became popular in the United States, with families giving teens treats in hopes that they would be immune to Christmas pranks.

The outfits, on the other hand, have developed as well. While they began as sincere memorials to saints, the tradition is likely to have fallen out of favor over time… until a new generation of Scottish and Irish pranksters came up with the idea of dressing up in terrifying costumes to scare unsuspecting neighbors. Halloween costumes became terrifying, creepy, humorous, and inventive all at the same time, due to these neighborhood hooligans.

Concepts and Myth about this Event:

Many people have different concepts and myth about Halloween and they celebrate this Major eventdifferently some of the examples of them are as follow:

Roman Intervention

According to History, the Romans conquered most of the Celtic territory by 43 A.D. and brought their fall festivities with them. Feralia, their October festival, also commemorated the passing of the dead. Pomona was a Roman goddess of fruit and trees who was celebrated on another holiday. That’s why, during Halloween celebrations, we frequently bob for apples.

Christian Influence

Fast ahead a few decades, and the Halloween celebrations have altered even further. Several Christian popes attempted to replace “pagan” feasts such as Samhain with ecclesiastical observances of their own. On November 2, 1000 A.D., All Souls’ Day became a day for the living to pray for the souls of the dead. On November 1, All Saints’ Day, also known as All Hallows, was observed to honor the saints. As a result, October 31 became All Hallows Eve, which was ultimately renamed Halloween.

BritishTraditions

The people of old England and Ireland continued to associate this time of year with the wandering dead, despite the new religious focus. They left food offerings for the hungry ghosts, and as time passed, people began dressing up in terrible costumes for the treats. The custom was known as “Mumen” and was similar to the current hoax.

Irish Immigration

When a surge of Irish emigrants fled their homeland during the potato famine in the mid-nineteenth century, the festival we celebrate today took off. The jack-o’-lantern, for example, was brought by the newcomers, who carried with them their superstitions and customs. Did you know that turnips, potatoes, and beets were once used to carve jack-o’-lanterns? While there was no trick-or-treating back then, there were plenty of pranks.

Americanizing Halloween

More communities adopted a more secular (and safer) set of rites by the end of the 1800s. People began throwing Halloween parties that focused on games, fall seasonal delicacies, and fun costumes rather than witchcraft and mischief.