C++ is a simple, object oriented programming language. Unlike python it is platform dependent. C++ is a mid-level programming language. Its memory management, speed and structured nature make it one of the most powerful languages. One of the factors for its popularity is the rich library support that it enjoys.
Python on the other hand is a high level programming language. Like C++, python too is object oriented. However it is an easy language to learn. Python is an open source language, portable and integrates with other languages.
While comparing C++ vs. Python there are certain parameters that are to be considered. These parameters help analyse the performance of both languages relative to the specific outputs. The parameters that will be discussed in this article are performance, platform dependence, level of difficulty, packages, dynamic typing, integrated, server support (web), security, control and community.
Performance is basically the speed. C++ offers incredible speed, in fact it is one of the fastest growing languages and speed is one the major reasons behind this. Python on the other hand is slower due to its dynamic and versatile nature. While comparing the speeds of C++ and pythons one comes to the conclusion that C++ is way faster than python. Although the difference might go unnoticed by commoners, it crucially determines developer choices.
- platform dependence
Python is a platform independent programming language. It can be run on multiple platforms including Linux, windows, and mcintosh among others. C++ in this case offers restricted options. It is a platform dependent language and runs on a single platform. In this case Python is a better option and comes with platform diversity. However it is difficult to install python on windows, while there are no such difficulties with C++.
- level of difficulty
It is a world renowned fact that python is an easy to learn programming language. It offers great ease of learning and executing programmes. However one must not forget that mastering anything or any language requires great effort, time and patience. It is quite an achievable one. In contrast to python, C++ has very complicated syntax that is quite difficult to understand.
Libraries offer ease in writing codes. These are very helpful tools for developers due their pre designed codes for various types of programmes. Open source libraries that support C++ are Boost, POCO C++, OpenCV, and Eigen etc. Open source libraries that support python are Numpy, Pandas, matplotlib, Scipy, bokeh etc. So both python and C++ offer wide support for libraries.
- dynamic typing
Since C++ adds values to types during compile time, it is not a dynamically typed language. C++ is a statically typed language. This feature also adds to the fast speed that C++ offers. Dynamic typing enables developers to write codes without specifying variables. It deals with variables during the run time. This feature offers greater ease to developers while coding. Python is a dynamically typed language. Programmers can choose between ease of writing code and the running speed accordingly.
- Integrated language
Integration means a code written in one language can be run on other language platforms too. This makes it convenient for developers to transfer codes instead of writing them over again. C++ is an integrated programming language. It is compatible with C#, Scala, Python, Ruby, C, GO, Rust, Java among others. Python too is compatible with innumerable languages. It does not obstruct functioning of codes at least on the grounds of integration with other languages. Its remarkable integrity with other languages is a defining feature of python.
Code readability is greater when working with python. It is also one of the reasons why learning python is easier compared to C++. Due to its typical syntax C++ is a bit difficult to read and understand. It is also tougher to learn coding in C++.
Python is designed to be a users’ language. It is by default designed with great security strength and ensures the developers to keep their work intact. Security plays a vital role in standing the python out from the crowd. Here in this regard C++ fails to provide up to the mark security to the developers. It is embedded with some serious security flaws that make programmes highly vulnerable to security threats.
- Open Source
Python is an open source language, which means it is available free of cost. This facilitates access to a lot of people, who can install and use it. It is a widely preferred language due its open source code. In contrast to this C++ is not an open source language, although it is accessible free of cost through various mediums.
C++ has a large programming community. Communities ensure wide support for the language and make it easier for new people to get into the community. They facilitate knowledge propagation and learning among new programmers and channelized information/ techniques from pro programmers to amateurs.
Both python and C++ are among the topmost programming languages today. Both of them have distinguishing features that are loved and enjoyed by programmers. These features add to their popularity too. In the above comparison there are some aspects where C++ outperforms python and vice versa. But when comparing python vs. C++, python has wider applications. It is extensively used for web development and machine learning. Although C++ is also compatible for machine learning it is not usually the preferred choice. Python code is easy to learn and write. It has simpler syntax and best suits the beginners.